Islamic Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (ISESCO) was established by the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) in May 1979. ISESCO is one of the largest international Islamic organizations and specializes in the fields of education, science, and culture. Its objectives include strengthening, promoting and consolidating cooperation among Member States (OIC) in the fields of education, science, culture and communication, developing applied sciences, use of advanced technology within the framework of Islamic values, consolidating understanding among Muslim people, and contributing to the achievement of world peace and security, particularly through education, science, culture and communication.

The 'ISESCO Women in Science Chair' was established to extend facilities and resources to women scientists of member states to collaborate and jointly work in empowering women in scientific and technological fields, eliminating their marginalization, and reorienting their socio-economic status towards achieving social and economic gender equality in rights and duties in the member states.